What is the relationship between obesity and self-control brain region? According to new research, the condition has a “reciprocal association” with the brain’s prefrontal cortex.
Many of us think that willpower and self-control matters when it comes to obesity, overeating, or losing weight. But a number of neuroscientific studies show that physiological reactions manage much of our desire to eat food.
Now new study, led by Cassandra Lowe, a BrainsCAN postdoctoral fellow at the Western University in Ontario, Canada, has investigated the relationship between appetite, self-control, and the brain. Lowe and team looked deeper into the link between obesity and a brain area which they associate with self-control.
Lowe and colleagues explain that the prefrontal cortex plays a key role in executive function, complex decision making, and planning future actions.
The researchers said that one research notes that individuals with less prefrontal cortex activity could likely to crave more calorie-dense foods.
“It’s not just the case that obesity is causing these issues in the brain structure and function, but it is this reciprocal relationship — that differences in brain structure and function can cause obesity — that’s really important,” says Lowe.
“Our review shows that if you have lower prefrontal activity, it can predispose you to overeating, which in turn can lead to weight gain and obesity.”
The team has published their findings in the journal Trends in Cognitive Sciences. The scientists suggests that we should practice exercise and mindfulness to improve our prefrontal cortex and regulate our eating patters.