- BBC Mundo
The Soviet Union (USSR), once a large and powerful nation, lost its influence around the world, collapsing on December 25, 1991, 30 years ago.
The domination of the Soviet Union lasted until the middle of the twentieth century and posed a serious challenge to the United States.
The BBC presents you with 10 such memorable films depicting the influence of the Soviet era:
1. The father of scientific socialism – In 1848 the German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published the “Communist Report”. This proved to be the most important document for the Soviet Union. The book inspired the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917 and the subsequent powerful Soviet Union.
2. An unforgettable and historical picture of Lenin – Vladimir E. Lenin became the first president of the Soviet Union after leading the Bolshevik Revolution. This is a picture taken in 1919 when he was addressing members of the Red Army.
3. The famous parade of Red Square In Moscow, the vast open space in front of the Kremlin (Rashtrapati Bhavan) has been demonstrated by forces of the Soviet Union and Russia from 1919 to the present. This photo was taken on May 9, 1965, when the newly built missile was demonstrated.
4. The New World Order After World War II, during Yalta’s prestigious conference, the three most powerful leaders in the world came together at that time. In this picture, the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill sits to the left. In the middle are US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and to the right are Soviet President Joseph Stalin.
Together these three leaders led the nations that won World War II. According to many historians, this was the beginning of the Cold War, which lasted for the next four decades.
5. Symbol of the power of the Soviet Union And Heroes of ‘Space Victory’ Yuri Gagarin is the world’s first astronaut in this film. The film also features the signature of Yuri Gagarin. When he went into space in 1961, he became the first man in the world. In addition, he is the hero of the whole world and immortal in history.
6. Cold War colleagues – In this picture, Cuban leader and arch-rival Fidel Castro with his Soviet representative Nikita Khrushchev. This photo was taken in 1963 when Castro paid a month-long official visit to the Soviet Union.
7. The enemy’s enemy is the friend In 1963, US President John F. Kennedy visited the western part of the divided Berlin. This area was under the influence of Western powers. Arriving there he delivered a famous speech against the conflict with the Soviet Union. At the time he said in German, “I’m from Berlin.” Following the Berlin Wall, built by East Germany, he extended his support to the West German government.
8. Mutual affection of two leaders – This picture was taken in 1979. It shows the close relationship between the Soviet-influenced leader of East Germany, Erich Honger, and the leader of the Soviet Union, Leonid Brezhnev. During the show, known as the “Socialist Brotherhood Kiss”, the two men hugged and kissed each other three times. But mouth-to-mouth kissing is not so common. This only happens when the two leaders are very close to each other.
9. Injury to the ‘iron screen’ A woman from East Germany tried to break through the Berlin Wall. This wall was a symbol of the conflict between East and West Germany and the Cold War. This wall was demolished in 1989.
10. Shortly before the fall of the Soviet Union: This photo was taken in August 1991, four months before the fall of the Soviet Union. In it, two great leaders of the Soviet Union, then-Mikhail Gorbachev and President Boris Yeltsin shake hands. Gorbachev had to face a coup attempt from an area that was considered difficult for the Communist Party. His opponents opposed his attempt to democratize and liberalize the economy.
(Henceforth this article) Published five years ago to mark the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Soviet Union.)
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