May 25, 2022

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NATO vs Russia: Why Putin is afraid of NATO? Find out the big reasons why Ukraine, Finland and Sweden are on target – expert perspective

Author: Ramesh MisraRelease Date: Sat, 14 May 2022 10:23 AM (IST)Updated: Sat, 14 May 2022 06:47 PM (IST)

New Delhi, Jan. NATO vs Russia: Russia-Ukraine war has been going on for months. NATO is believed to be a major factor in this war. Russia is believed to have declared war on Kiev because of Ukraine’s interest in NATO and its proximity to the United States. Russia has repeatedly threatened Ukraine over its strategic relationship with the United States and its membership of NATO. Despite Russian opposition, Ukraine remained adamant on NATO membership. The result was a great war. In addition, Russia has threatened that Finland and Sweden should be prepared to face the consequences if they join NATO. Why is Russia so hostile to NATO? What is the main reason behind this? In such a situation, let us know which country Finland wants to join? Why does Russia oppose NATO expansion in Europe? How did Russia attack Ukraine because of NATO?

What is NATO and its purpose

1- The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a military alliance formed in 1949. Initially there were 12 countries. This includes the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and France. The basic principle of the organization is that if a member state is attacked, other nations will come forward to help. The original purpose of this organization was to stop Russia’s expansion in Europe after World War II.

2- The NATO system is constantly expanding. Currently 30 countries are members of this organization. This includes 28 European countries and two North American countries. The biggest responsibility of this organization is to protect NATO countries and their people. According to NATO’s Section 5, an attack on its member states would be considered an attack on all NATO nations.

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3- However, in 1955, the then Soviet Union formed its own military alliance with the communist countries of Eastern Europe in response to NATO. It was renamed the Warsaw Pact, but after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, several countries that were part of the Warsaw Pact changed sides and joined NATO. In fact, even though the United States is a member of NATO, it is still dominated by the organization.

4- Most of the soldiers in NATO are from the United States. NATO troops have laid siege to Russia in the name of protecting member states. Russia has NATO soldiers under its nose. There are 13.5 million players in the United States. This is Russia’s biggest concern. As for the military, Turkey has a place in this system. About 3.5 million Turkish soldiers are involved in this organization. France is in third place. There are more than two million French soldiers in NATO. Germany is in fourth place. Italy is in fifth place. Britain is in sixth place. In view of the military presence, the United States is dominated by this organization.

NATO warns 8,500 soldiers

After the Russia-Ukraine war, the United States sent 3,000 additional troops to Poland and Romania to strengthen NATO’s eastern borders. In addition, 8,500 soldiers are on high alert. In addition, NATO has sent to Ukraine about $ 200 million worth of weapons, including anti-tank javelin and anti-Stinger anti-aircraft missiles. Britain has supplied 2,000 short-range anti-tank missiles to Ukraine. Poland has sent 350 troops and doubled its strength by sending 900 more troops to Estonia.

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What does Russian President Putin want?

1- Professor Harsh V. Bandh says Russia wants assurances from Western countries and the United States that it will never make Ukraine a part of NATO. The question arises as to what else concerns Russian President Putin. Russian President Vladimir Putin says Western nations are using NATO to enter Russia’s borders. He wants NATO to end its military operations in Eastern Europe. Putin has argued that the United States has broken its promise in 1990. NATO promised not to move east. At the same time, the United States says it has not made any such promises. NATO says only a few of its member states share borders with Russia. This is a security alliance.

2- Professor Bandh says Russia has been trying to create Ukraine since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. However, Ukraine leaned westward to defend itself against Russian domination. In December 2021, Ukraine expressed interest in joining NATO, the world’s most powerful military alliance dominated by the United States. This attempt by Ukraine went unnoticed by Russia, which attacked Ukraine in February. In fact, Ukraine has a border of more than 2,200 km with Russia. Russia hopes that NATO forces will reach the Russian border on the pretext of Ukraine if Ukraine joins NATO. In such a situation, the distance from the West to the Russian capital Moscow would be only 640 kilometers. Currently the distance is about 1,600 km. Now Russia faces the same crisis with Sweden and Finland.

Edited by: Ramesh Misra

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