August 10, 2022

Fior Markets News Blog

Complete News World

New species of bacteria visible to the naked eye

Highlights of the story

  • The length of the largest bacteria is 2 cm
  • These bacteria are as hard as nails

Scientists recently Bacteria A new breed has been discovered. The bacteria of this species have always been called the largest bacteria. This one-celled bacterial cell is so large that it can be compared to a centimeter-long human eyelid. These bacteria are about 5,000 times larger than normal bacteria.

Jean-Marie Woland, a research and marine biologist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, says the discovery of such a large bacterium was truly amazing.

Scientists were surprised to find this bacterium (Photo: Jean-Marie Woland)

Science Named Theomargarita Magnifica, the bacterium was first discovered by Oliver Cross, a professor of marine biology at the University des Antilles in Guadeloupe, according to new research published in the journal Theomargarita Magnifica. The bacteria were discovered when they were trapped in a Caribbean swamp.

Due to its large size, it was previously considered a eukaryote. These are a type of cells made by animals and plants. But when viewed under a microscope, there was nothing like a eukaryotic cell, and the nucleus and mitochondria were clearly visible. This was found in the subsequent investigation Bacteria I mean, it was bacterial.

The largest bacteria
Due to its large size it was previously considered a eukaryote. (Photo: Oliver Cross)

Most bacterial cells are very microscopic, about two micrometers in length. Some large bacteria can be a few hundred micrometers. But the length of this new type of bacteria is 20,000 micrometers, or two centimeters.

These bacteria are as hard as nails. They reproduce in an unusual way. The fiber contracts and splits to form a bud containing DNA. After that the bud divides.

Despite their menacing size, they pose no danger to humans. Scientists have also discovered the genetic makeup of D. magnifica bacteria. DNA analysis showed that it contained three times more genes than most bacteria.