Author: Ramesh MisraRelease Date: Tuesday, June 21, 2022 04:14 PM (IST)Updated: Tuesday, 21 June 2022 11:50 PM (IST)
New Delhi, Jan. Tensions are rising between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) between Ukraine and Russia. Russia’s Foreign Minister has called on NATO member Lithuania to immediately lift the apparent hostile sanctions imposed on Kaliningrad. Russia’s warning comes as Lithuania bans cargo from entering the Kaliningrad area of Russia’s nuclear stronghold surrounded by NATO. The city of Kaliningrad in Russia, located between the European Union and NATO countries Poland and Lithuania, imports goods from Russia by rail. In addition, Kaliningrad gas is supplied by Lithuania. The Baltic state of Lithuania announced last week that it would ban items on the list of EU sanctions imposed on Russia by train to Kaliningrad.
800 years old history of Kaliningrad
In fact, Koenigsberg was founded in 1255 by the Dutonic Knights. The place later came under the control of the German army. It is equally famous as the philosopher Emmanuel Kant. Kant lived in Kிக்nigsberg for the rest of his life. This place is associated with the famous philosopher Hannah Arendt. Here, as in other parts of Europe, war and peace shattered the local ethnic system and political boundaries. After World War I, East Prussia seceded from Germany, creating the free check of Dansik and establishing the Polish corridor.
Russia defeated Nazi Germany and captured Kaliningrad
The area remained under German rule until the end of World War II. The Soviet Red Army captured the area after defeating Germany. Later, at the Yalta Conference, it was agreed to divide the territory between Poland and the Soviet Union. This was followed by formal recognition by both countries at the 1945 Big Three (Russia, USA and UK) meeting in Postdam. Stalin transformed the city of Koniksberg and its environs into part of Russia. Stalin was later renamed in memory of Mikhail Kalin, President of the Poseidon of the Supreme Soviet Union and President of the Soviet Union.
The Russians were resettled after the Germans were expelled
Kaliningrad was predominantly German, police, Lithuanian and Jewish. Considering this a threat, Stalin began to expel the Germans from the area. After this, the Soviet Union launched a special operation to resettle the Russian population throughout the country. During this time many attempts were made in Kaliningrad to destroy all traces of German heritage. After the fall of communism, the region regained its Soviet heritage in 1996 with the special economic package of the Russian government. The strategic importance of Kaliningrad has increased significantly during recent tensions.
Kaliningrad is Russia’s main military base against NATO
As for Russia, Kaliningrad is such a military base that it will sink all over Europe. From here, Russia can completely block the movement of European and NATO countries into the Baltic Sea. If there is a future war with NATO, Kaliningrad will be an important launch site for Russian operations. That is why the Russian army is rapidly increasing its military strength in Kaliningrad. During a special military operation in Ukraine, launching a nuclear missile attack from this military base is seen as a direct challenge to NATO.
Kaliningrad is Russia’s unshakable nuclear stronghold
These sanctions by Lithuania will stop 50 percent of imports from Russia into Kaliningrad. Kaliningrad is Russia’s immovable stronghold, strategically important because it is in the middle of Europe. Russia recently conducted a nuclear attack training in Kaliningrad. Kaliningrad covers an area of about 223 square kilometers. The Russian military conducted offensive exercises in Kaliningrad with a nuclear-capable Iskander missile. The Iskander missile system was first used in the region in 2016. Many European countries, including Germany, come within range of this missile. The Baltic Sea Fleet of the Russian Navy is headquartered in Kaliningrad and is believed to have nuclear weapons with Russia.
Edited by: Ramesh Misra
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