No spacecraft has landed on the moon or sent anyone to the moon in the last one year. But we will get moon related news throughout this year as many countries and companies are planning special trips to the moon this year.
NASA this year Artemis Project To begin with. Under the project, she will send the first female astronaut to the moon and, along with other allies, send equipment and supplies needed to maintain a long stay on the moon. Astronauts going there in the future could use them.
To this end, Artemis will build a base camp and space station on the moon where astronauts can live. Gateway The astronauts will stop their journey to the lunar surface and create a finish line.
It will have a sophisticated mobile home and rover that will be able to carry out unprecedented exploration work on the moon. It is ready to set foot on Mars.
Who will start the campaign
India, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United Arab Emirates are also set to launch respective lunar missions this year. Apart from these, many countries and companies are launching their satellites into Earth orbit this year.
Most of these will be unmanned missions that will provide the materials needed to live on the moon so that humans can begin to live on the moon within a decade. In addition, there is a plan to set up a lunar space station in space near the moon.
But this will not be the ultimate goal of these missions. In fact this will be the first phase of the project to set foot on Mars.
Dr Joey Linhardt, an astronomer at the University of Bristol in the UK, says this year will see a new kind of space competition and the names of many more countries will be added to the list.
Most of these will be lunar exploration missions, but the purpose of some will be larger than staying on the moon for long.
Dr. Joey Linhardt says, “Some missions are considered the first step toward a larger project. A trip to the moon will not only be an opportunity to demonstrate some new ideas, it will also be an opportunity to test new space technology and new ones. Partnership.” It will be a great time. “
Let’s take a look at the lunar show starting this year and their objectives.
NASA’s Artemis-One and Capstone
NASA’s ambitious plan is to land humans back on the lunar surface by 2025. But this mission will not only end there, its success will be the first step to an ambitious goal.
Most of this work will be carried out by unmanned vehicles. But in Artemis-One “Munich” Will be sent to the moon. With this, the astronauts who will go under this spacecraft will then be tested for a wearable space suit.
The mission will be launched by NASA’s most powerful rocket, the Space Launch System (SLS). It will take the Orion spacecraft to the moon, and its crew will test the vehicle for landing on the moon.
NASA will also study the Orion heat shield. On its return to Earth, Orion will have to face a temperature of about 2760 C as it enters Earth’s atmosphere at high speeds.
This year we will see another big thing happen under the Artemis program. NASA has taken the first step of the Artemis program this year Capstone spacecraft Will be shipped by March 2022. With this, an autonomous mounting system the size of a microwave oven launches ClubSat to orbit the moon and test it. The aim is to ensure the safety of astronauts in the future.
Tuesday Feather According to Ambitious plan
The information collected under the Artemis project will be used to create the gateway.
According to NASA, the gateway will be “an outpost built into space around the moon, which will provide the support needed for humans to stay on the moon longer.”
If all goes according to plan, Artemis-3 will send humans to the moon by 2025. This is the first time astronauts have reached the moon since the 1972 Apollo 17 spacecraft. With this, the world’s first female astronaut and the first black astronaut will land on the surface of the moon.
Dr. Hannah Sergeant is a planetary scientist at the University of Central Florida in the United States. He says stepping on the moon is the beginning of reaching a major milestone.
He says NASA’s gateway will play a key role in space exploration. He says, “The robotic mission to be completed on the moon will be the start of a larger project. Based on this, arrangements will be made to send a space station near the moon, a base camp on the moon and then a space station.
In addition to NASA, India, Japan and the United Arab Emirates and many other countries and companies are seeing the moon this year. Some of these are research missions, while other missions will work to provide the equipment and materials needed for the moon.
Chandrayaan of India
India sent a lunar mission to land on the surface of the moon. This mission failed. Following this, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) plans to send Chandrayaan-3 to the moon this year.
A spacecraft, a rover and a lander according to plan. Chandrayaan-3 It could be launched by the end of this year. It will be an orbiter mission, attempting to make a smooth landing on the moon. The rover, which sends images of the moon to Earth, will help understand the moon’s surface.
There is a plan to land the rover on the dark side of the moon by Chandrayaan-3. This is the part of the moon that has not received sunlight for billions of years. It is believed that there may be ice and important minerals in this area.
What is Japan’s plan??
This year, Japan also has two plans for the moon.
The Japanese space agency (JAXA) plans to land on the moon in April this year. Smart Lander Polk exploring the moon The mission, dubbed (SLIM), will test lunar landing technology. This task will collect information about existing craters through the facial recognition system.
It will also have a space telescope called the X-ray Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission (XRISM).
Japanese company iSpace is preparing to send the first lander to the moon later this year and next. Under the Hakudo-R project, both missions are named Mission-1 and Mission-II. These will be special research missions created for the moon, which will explore the possibilities of helping humans live on the moon.
Of the company Have to say In the future, if humans build their base on the moon, they will maintain contact between the earth and the moon and help explore the possibilities of trading on the moon.
In its third to ninth mission, the company will install a payload delivery system on the moon and then create an industrial base there.
Apart from Japan, Russia is planning to launch its Luna-25 mission and South Korea its Lunar Orbiter mission.
Russian Space Agency Roscosmos According to Russia, the Luna-25 lander mission will land on the moon in July this year. It will be a purely domestic landing. This is Russia’s first mission to the moon in 45 years.
It is expected to land at the South Pole of the Moon. NASA is working on a program to land astronauts on this part of the moon.
Since then, Russia has been working on plans to launch the Luna-26 in 2024, the Luna-27 in 2025 and the Luna-28 mission in 2027-28.
South Korea’s space agency Korea Aerobos will begin its journey to the moon in August this year. Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter Mission (KPLO) is about to start.
This mission will gather additional information about the Moon’s health and facilitate future lunar missions.
NASA’s business robots
Not only governments but also many private companies are competing to go to the moon.
The Japanese company iSpace is included in this race. A NASA project Business Lunar Payload Services Under this, many companies are preparing to compete to deliver products to the moon.
Intuitive Machines, based in Houston, USA, will deliver supplies to the moon in early 2022 by a six-legged lunar robot called Novi-C.
The Pennsylvania-based Astrophotic Technology Company is set to launch a mission in the middle of this year. With this, the four-foot landing will send objects for scientific research to the surface of the moon.
But what is the purpose of this work?
Dr. According to the sergeant, the mission of many of these missions was to gather additional information about the Moon’s atmosphere. So that humans and equipment sent to the moon can be protected from strong solar winds and lunar dust.
At the same time, it will provide opportunities for scientists to test and research such equipment, thereby arranging resources such as water on the moon.
Dr. Sergeant says, “Before the man lands on the moon, we want to make sure that all the necessary equipment reaches the moon and works properly. In the end, the information collected from them will be used to plan the trip to Mars.
He says, “The moon is like a huge laboratory for us, where we can use all the technologies we want to do on Mars. The moon is only three days away from us, and it may take at least six months for Mars to reach us.”
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