August 10, 2022

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Will Frooti and Appy close in India from July 1? Find out why companies like Barley and Amul are in trouble. The Modi government has banned single-use plastics from July 1

14 minutes agoWriters: Neeraj Singh / Anurag Anand

Disposable plastics will not be used in India from July 1, 2022. Under this ban, plastic straws will not be used on items such as frutti and abby. Thus the breweries are facing a crisis. This is the reason why internet based companies like Coca Cola, PepsiCo, Barley, Amul and Dabur are pressuring the government to change their decision in India.

In such a situation do we know what is the plastic used once in today’s story and how dangerous it is? Why does the government want to ban it? Why do companies like Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, Barley, Amul oppose the ban?

What is disposable plastic?
Disposable plastic, as the name implies, is a disposable material. It cannot be easily disposed of. And cannot recycle them. Disposable plastics play an important role in increasing pollution.

Disposable plastic products will be banned from July 1. This includes plastic banners less than 100 microns thick. Also included are balloons, flags, candies, earbuds and envelopes used in candy boxes. In addition, the federal government has announced that plastic bags with a thickness of less than 120 microns will be banned from December 31, 2022.

Why is it important to ban disposable plastics?
Plastic waste is the biggest contributor to the spread of pollution in the country. According to federal data, 30.59 lakh tonnes of plastic waste was generated in 2018-19 and more than 34 lakh tonnes in 2019-20. Plastics cannot decompose or burn because they emit toxic fumes and harmful gases. In such a situation, saving is the only option other than recycling.

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Plastic reaches the river and the sea through a variety of routes. Not only this, the plastic breaks down into fine particles and mixes with water, which is called microplastic. Under such circumstances, river and sea water also become polluted. This is the reason why India can reduce its plastic waste production figures by banning plastic products.

According to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), more than half of the world’s plastics are designed for single use. As a result, the world generates about 300 million tons of plastic waste each year. Since the introduction of plastics in the 1950s, 8.3 billion metric tons of plastic have been produced.

Why do companies like Amul and Barley oppose the ban?
Big companies like Amul and Barley are protesting the ban on single-use plastics from July 1. The biggest reason behind this is that Amul’s 10 products, including Frutti and Abby, require 15 to 20 lakh plastic straws per day. Similarly companies like Barley Agro and Dabur need millions of straws every day. In such a situation, these companies oppose the once-used plastic ban for these three reasons.

1. Paper straw is not readily available.

2. Paper straw is 5 to 7 times more expensive than plastic straw.

3. Requesting some time to improve the infrastructure for making paper straw.

Praveen Agarwal, CEO of Action Alliance for Recycling Beverage Gardens (AARC), an organization of large cooling companies such as Barley, Dabur and Amul, said: “I’m worried the ban will come in high demand. This can also cause problems for customers. Companies are willing to buy plastic straws 5 to 7 times more expensive, but they are not available in the market.

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What is the alternative to disposable plastic?
Once used plastic is banned, there may be different options for different things. For example, paper straw instead of plastic straw. Similarly, earbuds made of bamboo, ice cream sticks made of bamboo, flags made of paper and cloth, and traditional earthenware can be used instead of disposable plastic.

Environmentalists believe that the ban on disposable plastics will be successful only when there is awareness among the general public and other alternatives to disposable plastics are readily available to the public. In addition, such plastics should not be used on any material that can be easily recycled.

In which other countries of the world is it banned?
Many governments around the world are taking tough decisions against disposable plastics. Taiwan has banned plastic bags, straw, utensils and cups since 2019.

The use of plastic bags has been banned in major South Korean supermarkets. Violators will be fined around Rs 2 lakh.

India’s neighbor Bangladesh also banned single-use plastics in 2002. In Kenya, the United Kingdom, Taiwan, New Zealand, Canada, France and the United States, single-use plastic products are banned with certain conditions.

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